There was a time when the Earth was covered with lush green vegetation. Sadly, today, the landscape is strikingly different, with sleek, colorless skyscrapers crowding the horizon.
In the days of jumbo jets, gravity-defying towers, people forgot the old-world charm of gorgeous, carbon-absorbing trees. In this selection are highlighted the 10 tallest trees in the world.
10.-Entandrophragma Excelsum - 81.5m
The tallest tree in Africa has been recorded at a height of 81.5 meters in a gorge, south of Kilimanjaro National Park, Barangata, Tanzania. It occurs in eastern and eastern central Africa in areas of semi-deciduous, upland forest. The species is native to Congo, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.
9.-Pinus Ponderosa - 81.79m
The most widely distributed pine species in North America, these trees are not flowering. The tallest specimen recorded in the Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest in Oregon, measured with a laser is 81.79 meters high. It can have a diameter at breast height of up to 5.90 meters. And it can have widely varying subspecies, depending on the location of the trees with diverse characteristics.
8.-Tsuga Heterophylla - 83.34m
Native to the west coast of North America, with its northwest boundary in Kenai Peninsula, Alaska, and its southeast boundary in northern Sonoma County, California, this is the evergreen coniferous pine tree. They have been identified as a ridge species in the Pacific Coast ranges, extending from Alaska to Mexico. The tallest on record is 83.34 meters in height, 6.05 meters in circumference measured at a height of 1.37 meters located in Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park in Orick, California.
7.-Pinus Lambertiana - 83.45
Known as the tallest and largest of the pine trees, this tree also has the largest cones among all conifers. Predominantly native to the Pacific Coast of North America, from Oregon to Baja California, these trees can measure up to 83 meters in height. The highest recorded was 83.45 meters in Yosemite National Park.
6.-Shorea Faguetiana - 89.50m
Mainly located in Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia, this tree is the tallest documented tropical flowering plant. The tallest tree was found in the Maliau Basin Conservation Area, the last remaining intact desert, measuring 89.50 meters.
5.-Picea Sitchensis - 90m
The largest species of spruce trees, these are the third largest conifer species. Some trees can still be found with a height of around 90 meters. The Caramanh Giant, measuring 96 meters in height, is the tallest in Canada. It is associated with temperate rainforests like the west coast of North America. Its diameter at the height of the base can reach up to 6 meters.
4.-Giant Sequoia - 95,8m
It is definitely one of the most loved and commercially grown trees. It is abundantly found in the woods on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada of California, United States, dotted with several parks reserved for these trees.
The highest can go up to 95.8 meters and are found especially in the Great Sequoia National Monument. It is officially the largest living thing by volume in the world. The circumference on the floor was measured to be as high as 34.4 meters as well. Some of the best known are General Sherman at 83.8 meters, Boole at 81.9 meters, and King Arthur at 82.4 meters.
3.-Mountain Ash - 99,60m
Native to the Tasmania and Victoria region of southeastern Australia, these trees are the tallest flowering plants. Its tallest specimen is Centurion measuring 99.60 meters in height. It is a variety of evergreen tree that grows in temperate areas receiving rainfall of 1200 mm.
It is the tallest of the eucalyptus trees, growing from 70 to 114.4 meters and is marked with a straight, gray trunk and smooth eucalyptus bark. The trunk can reach a diameter at breast height of 2.5 meters and eventually develops a large support of up to 20 meters.
2.-Coast Douglas Fir - 99,76m
Prevalent in the American North West region, this tree is a species of evergreen coniferous tree. The tallest tree is Doerner Fir measuring 99.76 meters in height. And they tend to have an average life span ranging between 500 and 1000 years.
These trees can have diameters of up to 13.3 meters like the Red Creek Tree in Canada. The smallest varieties are used extensively for timber production, having the highest yields in North America. Some tall trees are Red Creek at 73.80 meters, and National Forest Service at 69.80 meters.
1.-Sequoia Sempervirens, the tallest tree in the world - 115,72
The tallest tree on the planet according to records is Hyperion with an estimated height of 115.72 meters. Sequoia sempervirens is the tallest tree found in the world. It is concentrated mainly in the California region of the western coast of the North American Pacific, and has several forests reserved for its preservation.
Some of the tallest trees in the world belong to this species including Hyperion, Helios with 111.71 meters, and Rockefeller Tree with 99 meters, among others. Trees can measure up to 8.9 meters in diameter at breast height. With a lifespan of nearly 2000 years, these are some of the oldest trees on the planet.